Proper Care and Maintenance of Your Aquarium Fish
For the amateur aquarist, aquarium maintenance can be a daunting task. However, with the proper equipment and knowledge, it can be a rewarding experience. If you are starting your first aquarium and have no idea what to do next, this article is for you. We will discuss the use of aquarium filters, aquarium heaters, and external skimmers. After reading this article, you should know how to care for your aquarium, whether small or large.
Aquarium filters are necessary to keep the water in your aquarium clean. There are two basic types of filter, an electronic type or a mechanical one. Mechanical filters will require maintenance more often, but they will save you a lot of money in the long run.
Before adding fish into your aquarium, test the water quality with a sample kit. Check color, clarity, and the presence of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate. An aquarium filter is most effective if you maintain it properly. You should also change the water regularly to avoid ammonia from building up.
Exterior skimmers catch tiny bits of debris floating in the water. It is important that you keep these areas clean, because algae will start growing in them if you do not. If you do not want to clean the outside of your aquarium, then at least skim the tops of the leaves on a regular basis. This will help keep algae growth down in the tank. There are several types of exterior skimmers available, but a simple skimmer like the bubble wand skimmer is effective enough to be a part of any aquarium maintenance program.
Another common aquarium maintenance task is keeping the water level in your aquarium. The water level should be between one and two inches below the top of the aquarium plants. Water levels should never be higher than four inches. If you fish cannot swim through the water due to too much oxygen, or if there are too many plants for the aquarium, then the water level should be lowered.
Proper aquarium lighting is another important task to take care of. Too little light can kill some fish, and cause others to be sluggish. Too much light can burn out your aquarium lights, which can lead to destroyed lamps and aquarium parts. Proper aquarium maintenance will involve checking the quantity and quality of light given to your fish. Make sure that the lamp bulb does not get overheated.
The water in your aquarium is constantly changing. A new plant will begin to grow, algae will begin to die, and water chemistry will alter as new fish are added or old fish are removed. Proper aquarium maintenance involves checking the water chemistry frequently. Make sure to do this before you add any new plants, or before you remove any from the tank. By doing so, you can avoid making your aquarium resemble a chemical lab.
Aquariums require constant care, attention, and maintenance. When a saltwater aquarium is first setup, there is usually a balance of around 0.7 pH. Over time, this can change, and the aquarium can experience a variety of different environmental stresses that can cause it to become unhealthy. These include reduced water circulation, overloading of nutrients, and constant evaporation of surrounding water. In many cases, aquarium maintenance will help to resolve these issues, as well as monitor your fish’s health. If problems persist, you can have your aquarium re-establish its normal pH level and water condition.
There are several basic aquarium maintenance tasks that should always be performed before and after you bring your fish into the home. One of the most important things to consider here is water quality. Make sure to test your water frequently for ammonia, nitrate, and nitrate/nitrite. You also need to be aware of what type of plants you have, because different plants will draw different amounts of water and filter out different things. A quick test before you add your fish to the aquarium is to put a sample tube in the water and observe for specific amounts of these compounds.
It is a good idea to have a water testing kit in your aquarium. These kits measure both ammonia and nitrite. They will also give you a readings on ph. You will want your pH to be around 6.5 at all times. This is the ideal level of alkalinity for an aquarium, so that your fish will remain healthy and balanced.
The lighting of your aquarium is a critical task. There are different methods of lighting that work best. fluorescent lights are quite good for an aquarium. Also, using high pressure sodium lights can create beautiful colors for your fish.